Greasy burgers, sweet soft drinks, lots of computer use, little exercise – lifestyles that are characterized by unhealthy Eating habits and too little exercise have led to a worldwide increase in overweight people over the past two decades.
But strict diets may not help; more than 700 factors influence the Body weight of a person. Many of them manifest themselves already during pregnancy and infancy. It is well known that pregnant women should not consume alcohol or cigarettes, but healthy eating also plays a role. The "Early Nutrition Project" Devoted to these early "programming effects" on health later in life.
Researchers from 35 institutions in the U.S., Australia and 12 European countries, have collaborated to study how early nutrition programs and lifestyle factors affect the incidence of obesity and related disorders later in life. Study shows: The Nutrition of babies and toddlers plays a decisive role in their later becoming overweight and the resulting metabolic disorders develop.
Children: "Early Nutrition Project" investigates causes of obesity
In the European Union approximately 50 percent of adults and 20 percent of school-age children are now overweight or obese. The increasing rate of overweight Children is particularly alarming, since most of them will grow up to be overweight adults with numerous health problems.
Diet-related Diseases such as obesity or Diabetes Are among the most widespread ailments of our affluent society. Metabolic disorders, high blood prere, cardiovascular disease, respiratory problems and Co. burden not only those affected themselves, but also the health care systems worldwide.
To change that – according to the scientists of the "Nutrition Project" – one should pay particular attention to the first thousand days of a human life. What we like and dislike is decided in these earliest stages of our lives. The first 1000 days from conception – that is, the period from pregnancy and the first two years of life – shape what we eat and drink into old age.
Pregnancy: Healthy nutrition of the mother transfers to her baby
According to the Early Nutrition Project, the metabolism is already programmed in the womb. When the fetus Amniotic fluid and umbilical cord is supplied with nutrients, he ingests what his mother consumes. According to the Birth the effect of breast milk is similar. And the healthier the mother eats during pregnancy and Breastfeeding the more likely it is that the child itself will one day tend to.
Strong Overweight of the mother can also increase the blood sugar and insulin levels of the unborn child. The tendency of the organism to react pathologically to unhealthy, high-calorie food with few nutrients also increases from generation to generation. Because mothers also impart epigenetic information to the fetus until birth.
In the worst case, for example, this imprinting can ensure that a child has a genetically pre-existing risk of Cardiovascular diseases clearly increased or – by healthy Nutrition of the mother – is reduced.
Nutrition: Education shapes children's eating behavior
However, not only genes and preconceptions influence the weight of humans. Also the Education to a healthy approach to food plays a major role. Parents will know: To introduce their offspring to healthy Eating t is often necessary to be patient when introducing people to food. Peppers, spinach, apples or pears are usually far less popular with children than pasta, pizza and cookies.
But the "mere exposure effect" gives hope. It describes the phenomenon that over time we come to value positively something we perceive regularly. Fors Essen it means that we are likely to eventually like what we repeatedly eat. It applies therefore: Do not give up, if at the table once again because of Brussels sprouts and Co. argued.
In order to prevent pathological eating behavior parents their Children also convey that eating and drinking can be pleasurable, but never rewarding, occupying, or soothing. Children must learn to choose healthier options and exercise moderation in a world of abundance.